Macbeth uses several elements of literature to depict the tragic backdrop of the story. Two of these are the theme and character of the protagonist, Macbeth. In another breath, these same elements of literature are used to give a vivid background of human society. In the first place, the writer uses the theme of the consequences of ambition that goes beyond morality to drive home the need for people to see themselves as members of a wider society rather than ordinary individual beings. Even though it remains a fact that we all enter this world as an individual being, we come to form a part of a larger society and so it is always important that we behave in a manner that does not promote our personal welfare to the detriment of other people around us. A related manner, the writer uses the character of Macbeth to exemplify how ambitions that are not controlled but made to ride over morality can bring a person down. Macbeth wanted power at all course and this was to be the source of his tragedy. Macbeth could be so ambitious that he did not think that it was right for anything to stop him from achieving what he wanted to achieve. So Macbeth remarked: “let not light see my black and deep desires. The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be Which the eye fears when it is done, to see” (Macbeth, Act I, Scene IV). After resorting to cruel acts including the assassination of King Duncan, Macbeth, and his wife, Lady Macbeth will pay in a similar coin by also facing the tragic end of death. Indeed, Macbeth is a play that conveys much about humanity and the desire for the egos of people to override their respect for morality. The end of this has always been death!
Shakespeare W. (1885). Macbeth