As the play by Aristophanes begins, the reader is introduced to Lysistrata, who has organized a gathering involving all Greek Women with a plan of ending the Peloponnesian War. Lysistrata does not like how women display faintness in serious situations. Therefore, she intends to make women deny their spouse’s sex to facilitate the signing of a peace accord. The older women are also urged to take hold of Akropolis. The ladies come together, and they are required to swear not to involve in sexual activities with their partners until the quest for harmony is respected. As they celebrate the oath, there are sounds from other women taking over Akropolis.
Two choruses can be heard — one from old ladies and the other from older men. Men come to the stage with burning wood. The men intend to chase women out of Akropolis.
After that, a chorus is heard from the ladies coming to Akropolis. They have water in jugs and want to extinguish the fire that the men are carrying. The ladies’ voice becomes louder than the men’s, and they succeed to extinguish the fire.
A magistrate arrives at Akropolis and is surprised by the power women yield. He orders the arrest of Lysistrata and other women who participated in the act. The arrest fails since the police get overpowered by the ladies. The commissioner complains that women have been given much liberty. An argument ensues between Lysistrata and the commissioner while the police get away from the scene. The argument is based on the circumstances of the Peloponnesian War.
Lysistrata claims that the war affects womenfolk and is their concern as citizens. Besides, she offers suggestions on how the city’s operations need to be managed. She further claims that women have sacrificed a lot. The ladies then adorn the commissioner in women’s clothes on as a symbol of mockery.
The Agreement to withhold sex begins. Despite the desperate situation in men, the ladies decline to have sex. The Spartan, together with other warring parties, are forced to agree ceasing the war. In the end, jubilations and choruses are heard which signifies the end of the war.