1. An allegory is a rhetoric figure that conveys its hidden message through symbolic figures, actions and events. Animal farm is an allegory as it reflects events that led to the 1917 Russian Revolution followed by the Stalin era in the Soviet Union. The author speaks about the brutal dictatorship at that point in time.
2. Major’s heroic qualities are that he is charismatic and dictatorial. He approximates an ancient Greek hero for being able to use his charisma to persuade the other animals to follow his vision.
3. Major represents two ancient leaders that is, Karl Marx who is one of the creators of communism and Lenin who is the communist leader of the Russian Revolution.
4. Napoleon is my favorite character as he is able to bring out the unfair rule that the author intended to highlight during the Russian Revolution.
5. Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer are three pigs that represent the arena of politics in Russia. Snowball represents elements of Lenin, Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin who rules with brutal dictatorship and Squealer represents the propaganda as shown by Molotov.
6. The revolution happens as the animals feel that human beings oppress them. It happens by the animals chasing all the humans from the Manor farm and even rename it as Animal Farm. The animals rule themselves through the philosophy of Animalism.
7. According to (Orwell, 1996), the milk from the cows is stolen by pigs who stir it into their mash every day while other animals are denied this kind of luxury. Milk symbolizes the wealth that the rulers take from the people illegally and use it for their benefit.
8. In Animalism, drinking alcohol, sleeping in beds and trading are rituals that were prohibited in the seven commandments for social control of the animals.
Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Anniversary Edition. New York: Harcourt Brace. 1996. Print.